Adults and children afflicted by selective mutism can understand language as well as communicate freely, but usually are unable to speak in certain environments. A child may be completely silent in school, but speak a lot at home. Selective mutism can be varied in its form in different individuals. describe mutism as a defense mechanism which the child utilizes rather than expressing feelings directly towards a parent, most commonly the mother (Cline & Baldwin, ). Through this approach, the primary goal of the counselor is not to directly address the mutism, but rather understand its origin (Cohen et al., ).
Treating selective mutism is difficult because the mutism is an effective (but short-term) strategy for reducing children's anxious feelings. Unlike adults, children cannot easily escape situations that create a high degree of anxious distress. However, mutism serves as . Jun 07, · Mutism in older adults is not uncommon. It is often confused with severe depression, locked-in syndrome, and persistent vegetative state, but it is important to distinguish among them as the.
Christian, K. M., Russ, S., & Short, E. J. (). A grounded theory approach was used to develop a brief online survey that included 10 multiple-response items . Jan 09, · Selective mutism was always believed to be rare, however more children may meet the criteria of a diagnosis than previously thought. Some may talk to other children but not to adults outside.
a three-tiered approach that may reduce the prevalence and severity of selective mutism. Children with selective mutism (SM) experience a “consistent failure to speak in specific social situations (in which there is an expectation for speaking, e.g., at school) despite speaking in other situations” (American. Selective mutism occurs when a child only feels comfortable talking to one or two people, but does not talk to others. Selective mutism is not a communications disorder, and children with selective mutism are not developmentally delayed. Anxiety causes this problem, and most children with selective mutism fit the adult definition of social anxiety disorder.
Sep 05, · Selective Mutism (SM) joined the anxiety disorders category in DSM-5 in Prior to that, SM was relegated to terms such as elective mutism and aphasia voluntaria, reflecting the inaccurate attribution of being volitional. SM affects approximately 1 in young children and is highly comorbid with, but distinct from, social phobia (SP). Selective mutism can have a big impact on a child’s confidence when engaging with peers and/or adults and may affect their social skills or how they relate to others. A child’s inability to speak may impact on completing academic tasks (e.g. speaking in front of the class, answering questions, reading aloud).